13th Century C.E.

Map of Ottoman Empire 1683 C.E.

The Ottoman Empire begins in modern-day Turkey

During the 16th and 17th centuries, at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was a multinational, multilingual empire controlling most of Southeast Europe, parts of Central Europe, Western Asia, parts of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

The Ottoman Empire begins in modern-day Turkey Read more

Scottish army, led by William Wallace, defeats the English at the Battle of Sterling Bridge

The Battle of Stirling Bridge was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence. On 11 September 1297, the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallacedefeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth.

Scottish army, led by William Wallace, defeats the English at the Battle of Sterling Bridge Read more